- Neal Patwari, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Utah
- Sneha K. Kasera and Suresh Venkatasubramanian, School of Computing, University of Utah
- Anind K. Dey, Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) Institute, Carnegie Mellon University
1 million total, 750k at the University of Utah
CPS:Medium:Collaborative Research:Enabling and Advancing Human and Probabilistic Context Awareness for Smart Facilities and Elder Care
The objective of this research is to enable cyber-physical systems (CPS) to be context-aware of people in the environment and to use data from real-world probabilistic sensors. The approach is
- to use radio tomography (RT) and RFID to provide awareness (location and potential identification) of every person in a building or area, and
- to develop new middleware tools to enable context-aware computing systems to use probabilistic data, thus allowing new applications to exploit sometimes unreliable estimates of the environment.
The intellectual merit of the proposal is to
- develop new algorithms and models for building-scale RT with low radio densities and across multiple frequencies;
- develop efficient multi-channel access protocols for rapid and adaptive peer-to-peer measurements;
- develop space-time and probabilistic data representations for use in stream-based context awareness systems and for merging ID and non-ID data; and
- develop a human context-aware software development toolkit which interfaces between probabilistic data and context-aware applications.
The proposal impacts broadly CPS which reason about human presence using ambiguous data, enabling:
- smart facilities which automatically enforce safety, privacy, and security procedures, increasing the ability to respond in emergency situations and prevent accidents and sabotage; and
- elder care, to monitor for physical or social decline so that effective intervention can be implemented, extending the period elders can live in their own home, without pervasive video surveillance.
A testbed deployment will serve outreach and educational objectives.
See the full grant information at http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumber=1035565